Flax seeds have been part of the human diet in Europe and North Africa for thousands of years. They are packed full of omega-3 oil and are rich in fibre, lignans and trace elements.
I prefer to buy whole organic seeds as an alternative to cracked because this way they stay fresh much longer. The protective shell prevents oxidation of the omega-3 oil in the seed until consumed.
Flax seeds are a great way to start the day. I usual eat 1-2 tablespoons per day with about half that amount at breakfast. Eating whole flax seeds directly from a spoon can be a bit tricky at first. The seeds are quite light and dry so you should be careful not to inhale any!!. Also, while slowly chewing, you should be careful not to bite down hard on any foreign objects or particularly hard seeds.
After about 30 seconds of chewing, the paste can be swallowed. It is important to chew thoroughly as whole seeds are likely to pass through your body without being digested. The paste seems to have beneficial effects on the stomach and digestive system and was used in earlier times in Europe as a treatment for stomach ulcers and digestive disorders.